French Police Targets Russian-Speaking Mob ‘Thieves-In-Law’

With the support of Interpol, French police has this year started cracking down on a Russian-speaking mob, the so-called Vory v Zakone or “Thieves-in-Law,” which often controls groups committing drug trafficking, extortion, contract murder and money laundering. 

The idea of the Vory v Zakone was born in the early days of the Soviet Union, amid the Gulags set up by the KGB’s precursor, the NKVD, during Stalin’s purges. (Source: Interpol)The idea of the Vory v Zakone was born in the early days of the Soviet Union, amid the Gulags set up by the KGB’s precursor, the NKVD, during Stalin’s purges. (Source: Interpol)The mob’s members come from countries of the former Soviet Union, mainly Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Ukraine and like other mafia-style organizations, this syndicate too pollutes economies around the world by investing the proceeds of their criminal activities into legitimate funds and businesses – extending their leverage in a given sector, an Interpol statement explained.

“Contributing to a common criminal fund worth billions, and managed by the most influential and high-ranking members, known as the “Obshak”, they invest in shares, real estate and companies,” it said.

After investigating the network for years, French police arrested in April 25 suspected members, including a high value target of Interpol’s Project Millennium, which works to give law enforcement worldwide the intelligence and support needed to combat Eurasian organized crime.

Police seized during the operation vehicles, over 300,000 euro (about US$355,000) in cash and different bank accounts. Officers also found documents detailing an “Obshak”, and a Vory artefact with criminal symbols and bearing the message “For the Thieve – May God bless you,” Interpol said.

During a second operation this summer, police cracked down against the network’s Georgian and Armenian gangs in the northeastern part of France. 

Since 2019, investigators had been piecing together the structure of the Georgian gang that has allegedly been responsible for more than 200 robberies. They found that they were dealing with a Thieves in Law-style organization led by a chief, or Vor, based in Strasbourg, the statement said. 

More than 100 French officers – supported by an Interpol response team - raided several locations in Strasbourg and Nancy and arrested the heads of two different Thieves in Law clans – one Georgian and the other Armenian – along with 10 other suspects. Officers again seized vehicles and cash but also handguns, stocks of illicit cigarettes, alcohol and perfume.

The idea of the Vory was born in the early days of the Soviet Union, amid the Gulags set up by the KGB’s precursor, the NKVD, during Stalin’s purges. According to their code of conduct, the vory would refuse all work or any participation in running of the gulag, the New York Times reported.

According to the memoirs of Russian journalist and Gulag survivor, Varlam Shamalov, for nearly a decade following the Second World War, Soviet labor camps were plagued by wars between those who identified as Thieves-in-Law and the "suki" who cooperated with camp officials. Many camps had to be split in two, so that the suki and the vor could be seperated.

While the Communist party kept strict control on the affairs of the state and the legitimate public, it was the Vory v Zakone who took control of the Soviet underworld, governing “the dark gaps in Soviet life beyond the reach of the KGB” according to NYT.  When the USSR fell, their criminal enterprise went international.

“Organized crime groups like the Thieves in Law operate across national borders, which means that any effective police action must also be international in scope,” said José de Gracia, Assistant Director, Criminal Networks at Interpol.

Since 2015, Interpol’s Project Millennium team has participated in 13 national police operations against Eurasian organized crime groups, mainly in France, Italy, Portugal and Spain.