Our Global Network
OCCRP is an investigative reporting platform for a worldwide network of independent media centers and journalists. Our 50+ local member centers enable us to follow the money across borders and expose crime and corruption wherever they occur. In the face of rising costs and growing threats to independent media, OCCRP provides our member centers around the world with a range of critical resources and tools, from editorial coordination to digital and physical security.
Our global network is the lifeblood of our reporting. This decentralized model allows OCCRP to expose illicit connections across continents, while member centers inform local audiences in local languages.
OCCRP also partners with the regional networks listed below and more than 40 additional local, regional, and international publishing partners every year, further extending the reach of our reporting.
DOSSIER is Austria’s first independent nonprofit newsroom for investigative and data-driven journalism. Founded in October 2012, DOSSIER aims to produce and promote journalism in the public interest. Its mission is to pursue stories of public concern, investigate them comprehensively, and publish the findings in a fair and balanced way. In this process, DOSSIER combines proven journalistic skills with state-of-the-art technology.
BELARUSIAN INVESTIGATIVE CENTER (BIC)
BIC produces biweekly investigations about corruption, a weekly fact-checking show, and a weekly analysis of economic news. BIC journalists have won the "Free Word" award for investigations and analysis from the Belarusian Association of Journalists.
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
THE CENTER FOR INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (CIN)
CIN is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to helping the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina understand what is happening in their country. Its goal is to give citizens the information they need to make informed decisions in a democracy. A founding mission is to hold government and government officials accountable and to promote transparency through improving free access to information. It remains an independent media voice with the highest standards for investigative reporting, independence, accuracy, and fairness.
Bivol.bg is a privately-owned independent investigative journalism organization based in Sofia and founded by Assen Yordanov and Atanas Tchobanov in 2010. Bivol means “bull” in Bulgarian and is dedicated to fearlessly seeking out the truth and challenging both censorship and self-censorship. Focusing on conflicts of interests, corruption, and the state-mafia nexus in Bulgaria, Bivol's investigations have uncovered some of the biggest political scandals in the country, and triggered resignations of ministers, MPs, and high-profile officials. Since 2011, Bivol has been an official partner of the whistleblowing site WikiLeaks for Bulgaria and the Balkans. Bivol has won a number of awards for investigative journalism, and Reporters Without Borders named Assen Yordanov one of the "100 Heroes of Information" in 2014.
THE BUREAU FOR INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING AND DATA (BIRD)
BIRD is an independent project that uses data journalism to uncover conflicts of interest, corruption, and abuse of power. BIRD publishes investigative stories and maintains a public search engine with data on politically exposed persons, companies, public procurement, European funds expenditures, and other public information. The BIRD web site is published by the French nonprofit DRJI - Data for Reporters, Journalists and Investigations.
Oštro Croatia is an investigative journalism center that covers topics of public interest and importance in Croatia, Slovenia, and the Adriatic region. It is the sister organization to Oštro Slovenia. Both branches of Oštro nurture investigative and data journalism in the country, champion the “right to know” as a fundamental human right, and aim to cultivate future generations of journalists.
Investigace.cz is an award-winning nonprofit newsroom founded in 2013 and based in Prague. Its mission is to inform the public about the influence of domestic and international criminal schemes on politics and the economy in the Czech Republic, so that citizens can hold those in power accountable. Thanks to its cross-border partnerships, Investigace.cz was the sole Czech participant in global investigations such as the Panama Papers and the Russian and Azerbaijani Laundromats. Along with its international partners, Investigace.cz is a co-recipient of the Pulitzer Prize, the EU Investigative Journalism Award, the Global Shining Light Award, and other honors. Investigace.cz publishes on its own website and through its media partner the Czech Deník N daily. Selected content is published also in English.
In July 2011, a Hungarian group of anti-corruption journalists, lawyers, IT specialists, and academics launched Atlatszo.hu, which translates as “transparent,” and is the first investigative journalism nonprofit in Hungary. Based in Budapest, the investigative journalism site promotes transparency and freedom of information in Hungary. Atlatszo.hu produces investigative reports, acts on information from whistleblowers, files freedom of information requests, and launches lawsuits in cases when they are refused.
Direkt36 is a nonprofit investigative journalism center in Hungary with a mission to expose wrongdoing and abuse of power through fair but tough reporting — the kind of journalism vital for any democracy. It provides Hungarian and international audiences with in-depth, data-driven stories that most Hungarian media outlets do not have the resources to pursue. Rather than directing resources into covering daily news, Direkt36 focuses exclusively on conducting systematic investigations.
INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING PROJECT ITALY (IRPI)
Investigative Reporting Project Italy (IRPI) was founded in 2012 as the first investigative journalism center in Italy. IRPI launched its own publication, IrpiMedia, in March 2020. IRPI is primarily an investigative organization, but also publishes breaking news stories about crime and corruption. In addition to traditional text stories IRPI takes a creative approach to storytelling, incorporating different formats, from videos to podcasting, and graphic novels to data visualization. IrpiMedia content combines local reporting with a global perspective. Journalists cover issues like the evolution of international organized crime, money laundering, migrations, environment, cybersecurity, and surveillance. IrpiMedia is a nonprofit organization, supported by grants and individual donations.
ÇOHU!/Kosovar Center for Investigative Journalism
Founded in 2005, ÇOHU! stands for "Organization for Democracy, Anti-corruption, and Dignity" and is a nongovernmental organization based in Pristina. Its mission is to limit the influence of political corruption in Kosovo's public institutions. To promote research and reach wider audiences, ÇOHU! established its journalistic arm, the Kosovar Center for Investigative Journalism (KCIJ), which publishes the magazine "Preportr." ÇOHU!/KCIJ reports on issues in the public interest, including organized crime, corruption, political patronage, public procurement, environmental protection, and higher education. ÇOHU! has received national and international awards for its work.
Re:Baltica is a nonprofit organization that produces investigative journalism in the public interest. Founded in August 2011, it focuses on in-depth investigations into socially important issues in the Baltic region, such as corruption, crime, business, health, and human rights. Re:Baltica’s journalism encourages transparency and reform. It is based in Riga, with journalists and board members from all the Baltic states: Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia.
15min.lt is the second-largest news portal in Lithuania, with a monthly audience of one million people. In 2015, it became the first online news outlet in the country to establish an investigative journalism department. During that first year, a team of four reporters published investigations that exposed fraud, land grabs, corruption, and abuses of power. The stories sparked criminal probes and led to several government resignations. 15min.lt also took part in the global Pulitzer Prize-winning Panama Papers investigation.
Founded in 2019, Siena is the first and only Lithuanian nonprofit organization dedicated entirely to investigative cross-border reporting. Siena has conducted numerous international investigations with partners from the OCCRP network and other media outlets, including the award-winning Fraud Factory. Since 2020, Siena has contributed to several investigations about fraud and corruption in Belarus. Stories done by Siena and the Belarusian Investigative Center helped lead to international sanctions against oligarchs close to the Lukashenko regime. Siena has also been a part of two global investigations led by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists: the FinCEN Files and the Pandora Papers.
Media Guard Association
The Media Guard Association is a nonprofit organization that promotes investigative reporting and journalism in the public interest. Media Guard monitors and advocates for access to information, transparency, and integrity. The organization tracks public authorities' response to investigative reporting, corruption, and human rights violations. Media Guard is a partner of Ziarul de Gardă, the largest investigative media outlet in Moldova, which publishes investigations in print, multimedia, and video formats.
RISE Moldova is a community of investigative journalists, programmers, and activists from Moldova and Romania, founded in 2014. RISE journalists investigate organized crime, offshore deals, and money laundering schemes involving companies from Moldova and other Eastern European countries. They also focus on corruption and smuggling schemes, tax evasion, arms trafficking, and hidden businesses of politicians. RISE Moldova members have extensive experience in the field of investigative journalism. RISE Moldova reporters are among the first media professionals in Moldova who have started to use advanced techniques for documenting journalistic investigations in the public interest (extensive use of databases, data processing, visualization, etc.). Because of this, RISE operates within international networks of investigative journalists such as OCCRP, n-vestigate, Global Investigative Journalism Network, and others.
MANS is a nongovernmental organization devoted to fighting corruption and organized crime in Montenegro. MANS monitors the implementation of legislation and government policy, provides free legal aid to citizens and civil society organizations, media and businesses, develops law and policy proposals and analysis, and conducts advocacy campaigns. MANS’s strategic goals are to combat high level corruption, reduce opportunities for organized crime, increase the transparency of institutions, and encourage public participation in fighting corruption and organized crime.
INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING LAB MACEDONIA (IRL-M)
Investigative Reporting Lab Macedonia is a nongovernmental organization based in Skopje and founded in 2017. Its primary goal is to provide residents of North Macedonia and others in the Balkans with clear and accurate information about their countries through critical journalism focusing on corruption, organized crime, and the rule of law. IRL also pursues collaborations with academics and technologists. President and Co-Founder Saska Cvetkovska is an award-winning journalist and a leading voice in North Macedonia, fighting disinformation and promoting transparency in media and governance.
Fundacja Reporterów (Reporters Foundation)
Warsaw-based Fundacja Reporterów was established in 2010 by a group of leading Polish reporters. Originally, its primary mission was to train and support journalists from Central and Eastern Europe through workshops and conferences. Since 2017, its core activities have been investigative journalism, including building a platform called VSquare, an independent, cross-border journalism initiative dedicated to improving the quality of investigative reporting and independent media in the Visegrad region.
ÁTLÁTSZÓ Erdely is an investigative journalism outlet covering the 1.2 million Hungarians living in Romania. It promotes transparent spending of public funds the community receives from both the Romanian and Hungarian governments. It also covers the business interests of community leaders, as well as issues related to free speech and media freedom, education, the environment, and poverty.
CONTEXT INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING PROJECT
Context Investigative Reporting Project is an independent media outlet in Romania led by experienced reporters who fight organized crime and corruption with data-driven journalistic tools. More than a news organization, Context works to bolster and support a network of investigative journalists in Romania through training, technology, community building, innovative thinking, and cross-border cooperation.
RISE Project is a Romanian nongovernmental organization of investigative journalists, activists, programmers, and graphic designers who use cutting-edge investigation techniques and technology to produce high-quality investigative reporting on local and cross-border organized crime and corruption networks. The organization produces investigative articles, visual databases, and advanced investigation tools, as well as teaches other journalists and the public how to research complex corporate structures used by organized crime and corrupt officials.
iStories (short for Important Stories) is an investigative media outlet founded in 2020 by a group of award-winning Russian journalists. iStories values cooperation between journalists and publishes investigations jointly with other Russian and international media outlets. As collaborating on a story is impossible without sharing skills and knowledge, iStories also launched a workshop section on its website where journalists demonstrate their daily work tools, from basic Excel tips for data analysis to computer programming language for investigative reporters.
Novaya Gazeta is a Russian liberal opposition newspaper well known in the country for its critical and investigative coverage of Russian political and social affairs. Four Novaya Gazeta journalists, including Yury Shchekochikhin, Anna Politkovskaya, Igor Domnikov, and Anastasia Baburova have been murdered since 2001 in apparent retaliation for their work. The newspaper is published in Moscow, in regions within Russia, and in Germany and Kazakhstan. The print edition is published three times a week, and articles are sometimes posted in English on its website.
CRIME AND CORRUPTION REPORTING NETWORK (KRIK)
KRIK (Crime and Corruption Reporting Network) is a nonprofit organization founded in 2015 by a small team of journalists with years of experience exposing crime and corruption. KRIK is known for its hard-hitting investigations revealing state corruption and organized crime at the highest levels of power. KRIK produces in-depth investigative stories, breaking news, and online databases that are indispensable sources of information for Serbian citizens. KRIK has received national and international awards for its work, and continues to fight for strong, independent, investigative journalism. KRIK also launched Serbia’s first debunking fake news portal, “RasKRIKavanje” — a play on “raskrinkavanje,” the Serbian word for “unmasking.”
CENTER FOR INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING IN SERBIA (CINS)
The Center for Investigative Reporting in Serbia (CINS), based in Belgrade, is an independent nonprofit media outlet dedicated to investigative journalism and training reporters and editors. CINS reports on issues in the public interest, including organized crime, corruption, politics, business, environmental protection, health, and the media. It has received many international and national awards, including the 2017 European Press Prize in the category of investigative journalism.
Investigative Center of Jan Kuciak (Investigatívne centrum Jána Kuciaka)
The Investigative Center of Jan Kuciak is a civic association of Slovak journalists. It was founded after the murder of the Slovak investigative journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancée, archaeologist Martina Kusnirova. One of the founding members is Jan Kuciak's editor-in-chief Peter Bardy. The goal of the center is to investigate organized crime, corruption, and their connection to politics and public institutions. The center works with local and international journalists and media outlets.
Oštro is an investigative journalism center in the Adriatic region that nurtures investigative and data journalism, champions the “right to know” as a fundamental human right, and contributes to the cultivation of future generations of journalists. Aside from investigating topics of public interest and importance in Slovenia, Croatia, and the Adriatic region, Oštro runs a media fact-checking project, Razkrinkavanje.si. Oštro is also a member of the Global Investigative Journalism Network.
Founded in 2012, Slidstvo.Info is a Ukrainian nonprofit investigative organization focused on high-level crime, political corruption, and human rights. The organization publishes daily news and investigations on its website. Slidstvo.Info also produces investigative documentaries, short videos, and animated stories. In 2017, Slidstvo.Info and OCCRP produced the documentary Killing Pavel about the murder of journalist Pavel Sheremet in downtown Kyiv. Slidstvo.Info has received Ukrainian and International awards including the IRE medal, DIG award, and SEEMO award.
Hetq Online is a bilingual (Armenian and English) online news source launched in 2001 by The Investigative Journalists, a non-governmental organization that works to strengthen and develop investigative journalism, freedom of speech, and democratic principles in Armenia. Hetq Online has more than 200,000 monthly readers in Armenia and abroad, and also publishes its investigations in major Armenian media outlets.
Meydan TV is Azerbaijan’s largest independent media outlet. Founded in exile in 2013, Meydan TV publishes news in Azerbaijani, English, and Russian. Meydan TV’s mission is to inform Azerbaijanis about politics, the economy, and social issues, and to provide a platform for open and diverse discussions on these matters.
JOURNALISTIC DATA PROCESSING CENTRE (JDPC)
JDPC was founded in 2011 by journalists Lasha Kveseladze and Giorgi Pkhachiashvili. JDPC exposes abuses of power, misappropriation of taxpayer money, nepotism, favoritism, and other forms of corruption. It also counters fake news by publishing verified facts. With a goal of developing investigative and data journalism in Georgia, JDPC creates relevant tools and databases and shares knowledge and experience with other journalists through trainings and seminars.
Studio Monitori is an independent investigative journalism organization that produces hard-hitting documentary news stories that air on Formula TV in Georgia. Founded in 2005, Monitori is a neutral source for news in a country where almost every media outlet takes a pro-government or pro-opposition stance. Monitori reporters investigate and report stories regardless of the political affiliations or influence of the subjects. The winner of the most major journalism awards in Georgian journalism, Monitori has resisted lucrative television deals that would offer financial independence but would seriously compromise its journalistic independence.
Ifact.ge is a team of investigative journalists who produce stories that are placed in top Georgian TV and news websites. They produce and distribute via Facebook daily infographics, some of which are developed into stories either by ifact.ge or other Georgian media. ifact.ge also researches and publishes data and stories from Azerbaijan.
Established in 2012, Vlast is one of the few independent media outlets in Kazakhstan. It publishes news, analysis, and commentary on politics, economics, and social issues, and works on local and international investigations.
Kloop is a leading investigative media outlet in Kyrgyzstan. Founded in 2007, it is also a training center for young journalists who cover politics, report on human rights violations, and investigate corruption. Kloop started publishing investigations in 2010, when a group of its teenage journalists uncovered how the son of the Kyrgyz president gained illegal financial control over the country's largest telecommunications operator. In 2017, Kloop published a series of stories about presidential election fraud in Kyrgyzstan, which was recognized by Global Investigative Journalism Network as one of the best investigations of the year in the former USSR.
Turkmen.News is an independent media and human rights organization founded in 2010. It is dedicated to promoting freedom of speech and the rule of law in Turkmenistan, one of the most repressive countries in the world. Turkmen.News publishes independent news and analysis, exposes grand corruption and nepotism, monitors the use of forced labor, and reports on human rights violations.
Middle East and North Africa
Daraj is an independent digital media platform created by experienced journalists. It offers Arabic speakers an alternative kind of journalism, free from political funding and influence, which controls other mainstream Arab media institutions. Daraj is committed to making access to truth a priority through professional and ethical journalism. It publishes investigative pieces, op-eds, and feature stories in a variety of formats: print, graphics, video, and audio. Daraj firmly believes in partnerships and collaborations and republishes content from other platforms that share the same values.
Launched as a newsletter in 1960 and based in the U.K., Africa Confidential is one of the longest-running specialist publications on Africa. It has built a reputation for being first with in-depth news and analysis on significant political, economic, and security developments across the continent. Africa Confidential’s track record owes much to its comprehensive network of local correspondents, and the connections they have built up across the continent.
INK CENTRE FOR INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM
INK Centre for Investigative Journalism is an independent, nonprofit newsroom that produces investigative journalism in the public interest. INK is located in Gaborone and led by some of the nation’s most distinguished editors. The center imparts investigative reporting skills to young reporters in newsrooms that have significant budget constraints and are struggling to maintain investigative journalism desks. It has six publishing partners, which include the Sunday Standard, Botswana Gazette, and Business Weekly & Review. The centre also publishes stories in The Namibian and the Mail & Guardian through the M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism (amaBhungane).
NewsBridge Africa was established in 2014 to promote ethical, responsible, balanced, and meaningful journalism that serves the greater public interest in Ghana. NewsBridge offers internships, mentoring, and continuous training of journalists through workshops and publications. The organization seeks to build the capacity of early- to mid-career journalists to do investigative, economic, business, and political reporting.
Africa Uncensored is an investigative journalism production company founded by three of Kenya's best investigative reporters: John-Allan Namu, Kassim Mohamed, and Mohammed Ali. Its goal is to produce high quality, authoritative investigative reports from across Africa. Its journalists have tackled heavy and important subjects, from exposing million-dollar extortion cartels within Nairobi’s municipal government to delving into extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances.
Founded in 2016, and drawing on the African experience, The Elephant aims to be at the center of the national dialogue, speaking truth to power in a quest to reimagine a state and a society that guarantee a life of inclusivity and dignity for all.
New Narratives (NN) is a nonprofit organization that supports local news media in low-income countries with journalism collaboration and new business innovation. NN investigations have included: the first exposé of Catholic Church abuse in West Africa; corruption by local officials and international mining and resources companies; and corruption in the public education system. Explanatory reporting has led to a ban on female genital cutting; action on teenage pregnancy and child labor; and legislative support for a war crimes trial in Liberia.
THE CENTRE FOR INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM MALAWI
The Centre for Investigative Journalism Malawi (CIJM) was established in 2013. It is committed to promoting effective, ethical, and original reporting. Its reporters take a contextualized approach to exposing systemic corruption, exploitation, and other social-justice issues. The CIJM is a member of National Media Institute of Southern Africa, the Media Council of Malawi, African Network of Centers of Investigative Reporters, and the amaBhungane Centre for Investigative Journalism in Southern Africa.
DEPECHE DU MALI
Dépêches du Mali was founded in January 2013 with the aim of stimulating investigative journalism in Mali. While the portal publishes general news, the site quickly positioned itself as an investigative journalism organization. Its publications are often picked up by media around the world. Its investigative team is particularly focused on corruption, mining, drug trafficking, and tax evasion. They have been actively involved in major investigative projects such as the Thomson Reuters Foundation's The Wealth of Nations project, which investigated money lost to tax evasion and other schemes. They also collaborated with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists on the Panama Papers and Fatal Extractions, which examined Australian mining companies in Africa.
LE DEFI MEDIA GROUP
Le Défi Media Group is a mass media company based in Port Louis, Mauritius. The group's operations include digital media, as well as newspapers, magazines, and radio that are mostly published and broadcast in French.
The Namibian is a national daily newspaper in Namibia established in 1985 by Gwen Lister, a journalist and anti-apartheid actvist. The paper publishes investigative articles and current affairs stories.
L’Evenement is a private news outlet established in 2013, initially as a bimonthly publication but soon increasing its output to twice a week. L’Evenement is known for its hard-hitting investigative stories, including some prompted by whistleblowers. Its stories have resulted in resignations of high-level officials, putting criminals in jail and having them pay reparations. Its journalists have exposed corruption, arms trafficking, and pharmaceutical counterfeiting, and partnered with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists on the Panama Papers, among other projects. Its editors have been awarded press freedom prizes for their work, as well as the African Media Award in 2015.
Premium Times Services Limited, publishers of Premium Times, is a Nigerian media organization based in Abuja with a vision to help strengthen Nigeria’s democracy, advance the socio-economic wellbeing and rights of its people, promote and enrich their cultural practices, and advocate for best practices, good governance, transparency, and human rights, in line with the values expected of a modern democratic state.
Mail & Guardian
The M&G is a quality investigative news publication based on a culture of editorial independence and excellence. Through its journalism, it strives to promote freedom, justice, and equality. Its aim is to create space for debate and diversity, to defend freedom of expression, and to combat racial, political, and religious prejudice. It stands in solidarity with the powerless and vulnerable and strives for a more just and compassionate South Africa.
Noseweek is South Africa's only investigative magazine. It features irreverent, independent, inside information about business, politics, and society in South Africa. Published monthly, Noseweek is an independent private company not affiliated with any other group or corporate interest.
The Oxpeckers Center for Investigative Environmental Journalism is Africa’s first journalistic investigation unit focusing on environmental issues. The center combines traditional investigative reporting with data analysis and geo-mapping tools to expose the criminal syndicates, corrupt officials, and greedy corporations that are looting Africa’s natural resources across international borders. Oxpeckers is a nonprofit that aims to dramatically improve the quality and impact of African environmental journalism. It is headed by pioneering South African environmental journalist Fiona Macleod.
L’Alternative is Togo’s leading investigative news outlet. It was established in April 2008 by Ferdinand Mensah Ayite and is published bi-weekly. L’Alternative is a partner of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and participated in the "Panama Papers" project. Its reporting on the Panama Papers was distinguished in December 2016 for best reportage at the Pan-African competition of excellence in journalism organized by the African Media Initiative.
News Diggers! is Zambia’s first multimedia publication focused on investigative journalism. It comprises a team of experienced journalists with a blend of new and dedicated talent eager to shape the art of digital journalism. As a growing democracy, Zambia needs a free and critical press to foster accountability and good governance. News Diggers! will help facilitate this with an ear to the ground.
OCCRP Regional Partners
Different from our member centers, regional partners are networks of reporters we regularly collaborate with on investigations.
ARAB REPORTERS FOR INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM (ARIJ)
ARIJ is the first and leading media organization in the MENA region, dedicated to promoting investigative journalism across the Arab world. Based in Amman, Jordan, ARIJ was founded in 2005 with the aim of supporting independent, quality and professional journalism by offering training and mentoring, access to funding, and networking opportunities with local and international media outlets. ARIJ’s mission is to leverage high-quality, fact-based “accountability journalism” to empower brave and committed Arab journalists to become society’s watchdogs, ensuring transparency, and a diversity of opinions based on documented facts, research, and multiple sources.
CENTRO LATINO AMERICANO de INVESTIGACION PERIODISTICA (CLIP)
CLIP is a nonprofit organization founded in 2019 and based in Costa Rica. With a Latin American team, they conduct and coordinate collaborative cross-border journalistic investigations to unravel the abuse of power beyond borders and make it more visible to citizens. CLIP’s goal is for Latin Americans to see abuses of power, increase public vigilance, and hold governments, companies, and other power actors accountable.
RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY (RFE/RL)
RFE/RL journalists report the news in 23 countries where a free press is banned by the government or not fully established. The organization provides what many people cannot get locally: uncensored news, responsible discussion, and open debate. They broadcast in 26 languages to 23 countries, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Russia. With over 400 full-time journalists, 750 freelancers, and 17 local bureaus, RFE/RL is one of the most comprehensive news operations in the world.